The history of bead making in Venice dates back to the times of Marco Polo. It was during those times when he returned from Asia with the beads of Asia. Both in Murano and Venice, the beading industry mostly employed women. When you look at the pictures of bead making in Venice in the 20th century, you can mostly see women working with beads while caring for their children. Until the 1930s, the conterie industry which is also known as the seed bead industry sustained the glass industry of Venice. During the World War, the people of Venice did not have enough time to build up the industry, but after 1930s, as many as thirty companies can be seen throughout Venice which makes art beads and employs hundreds of women.Venetian art beads are quite popular today. Here is a brief introduction for people who are looking to find out information on Venetian art beads.These days, most of the Venetian art beads are made on copper mandrels. It was in 1920 when the Moretti family introduced the copper mandrel in Murano. This was introduced as a cost effective art bead making technique in the industry. Before the introduction of copper mandrels, art beads were made by using metal mandrels which were coated with white paste. In those days, this technique was regarded as revolutionary because it did not require any kind of preparation and there were also no laws related to the environment.Today, the Venetian beads are quite expensive. There are many factors which contribute to the high price of the beads. Firstly, it is the cost of labor. Secondly, it is the availability and desirability of the item. In Venice, beads are handmade and there are just a few which can be made in a day. On the other hand, in Czech Republic, these are made by machines in factories and therefore the price is also not that expensive as compared to in Venice.Handmade Venetian beads are all different. No two beads are exactly the same. They differ in size as well as in shape. Machine made beads on the other hand are all the same. The variations that can be seen in hand made art beads are not imperfections. It is simply that they have been made by hand.Some of the Venetian art beads are also known as lampwork beads. The name ‘lampwork’ is given because the beads are made over a flame. Flame is used to melt the glass and allow the glass to take the form of the beads. These days, natural gas is used to generate the heat that is required in making lampwork beads.